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The Dark History of Monsanto PCBs

Polychlorinated biphenyls or PCBs have long been known as highly toxic substances. In 1979, the United States federal government issued a ban on the use and manufacture of the synthetic chemical compounds that were widely used as industrial insulators and cooling agents for most of the 20th century. At that time, PCBs were solely manufactured in America by a company called Monsanto and were found to have been worth around $22 million in yearly sales. As a result, Monsanto enjoyed an almost four decade run as a giant in the chemical industry. However, this monopoly came to an abrupt end when concerns about health risks and environmental effects found its way into public discourse. From the 1940s until the late 1970s, Monsanto PCBs were produced in a chemical plant located at the west side of Anniston, City Alabama. In that time, several Anniston creeks were used as a dumping ground for chemical waste from the production of PCBs. At first, Monsanto didn’t seem to have been aware of the negative effects caused by the toxic chemical compounds. However, internal reports and communications show that Monsanto quickly became informed of the pollution they were causing. As pointed out by an expose published by The Washington Post, Monsanto has been aware of the devastating environmental effects caused by PCBs as early as 1966, when they hired a group of scientists to examine one of the creeks contaminated by the chemicals. The results regarding Snow Creek were as follows: “All 25 fish lost equilibrium and turned on their sides in 10 seconds and all were dead in 3 1/2 minutes”. Despite this knowledge, Monsanto continued to produce PCBs until two years before the government imposed ban. Today, the City of Anniston continues to feel the devastating effects of PCB contamination. Aside from the creeks that were originally used by Monsanto as toxic...
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Outsourcing to the Philippines

The Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry in the Philippines is booming, and just after a decade it has grown tenfold and is presently employing more than a million workers. Although usually associated with call centers, the BPO industry in the Philippines are already presently covering a number of Information Technology services such as human resources, customer relations, accounting, software design, medical and legal transcriptions and many more. The Philippines has just recently surpassed India as world’s leader in call centers, having major IT services IBM, Convergys, and Accenture. One of the many reasons why investors are looking into outsourcing Philippines is the growing number of young adults who are well-educated and are proficient in writing and speaking the English language. Aside from the English-speaking workforce, Philippines also has a strong understanding on the American culture. Because of this, the Philippines is increasingly being known worldwide for their skills and capacity in the BPO industry. Aside from the English language, the Philippines also offers diverse number of languages which made it possible for other non-English speaking companies to open in the country. Another reason why outsourcing in the Philippines is an attractive option is the lower cost of labor. A majority of the foreign companies that are outsourcing Philippines account for up to as much as between 30 to 40 percent of savings in business cost. And despite the lower labor cost, work or output quality is never compromised. Furthermore, workers maintain a positive nature that further enhances their performance and love for the job. Many companies who have started outsourcing in the Philippines initially begun because of the low cost and have stay because of the quality of people they have worked with. In today’s fast-paced society, the BPO industry often provides the much needed competitive edge. This is where outsourcing from the Philippines comes in. Through the speedy...
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